With the doom of the Cold War and the awakening of the New World Order, a multipolar dynamic of geopolitical influence arose in sudden. Yet, differently from the past centuries, these centers were not exclusively in developed countries, but also included emerging markets in colonialism-ravaged nations.
The BRICS - Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa - is not a formal group. It is not a consensual organization built up in common values. But it is, indeed, the outcome of the informal union of five giants with a clear goal: improve their geopolitical influence and mutually develop their economies. The 5 countries are tied by annual summits where numerous sectors of government and civil society meet in order to exchange data, experience and resources, and the USPMUN's "11th BRICS Summit- Brazil, 2019" will simulate four of them:
BRICS countries have been recently acknowledged as technologically advanced and innovative. China has been dominating the high-tech market, Russia has had incredible military outbreaks and Brazil, South Africa and India have been producing more intellectual studies and personalities every year. Therefore, these countries have plenty of patents, technologies and techniques to offer one another, and the exchange that has been in course over the last few years has proven that, with strong cooperation in ST&I, the economies of the BRICS members may rise even higher.
The Heads of State’s meeting, thus, will be discussing “Partnerships for the strengthening of science, technology and innovation in BRICS countries”, in order to enable the exchange of these increasing new resources between members and, consequently, guarantee tighter economic bonds.
The discussions about corruption and money laundering are very important. Being some of the most influential problems of a developing country, these two issues have the power to destabilize a nation's economy. Having said that, the National Security Advisors Meeting hopes to perform a high-level discussion about the situation of the BRICS countries.
At this meeting, the BRICS Finance Ministers alongside with their Central Bank Governors will seek arrangements for the better structurement and assurancement of these good commercial flows between its members and the expanding fronts to connect other developing countries with the financial bonds through infrastructure enhancement. Each country and its location can provide rich sources and connections with other States that are valuable to the BRICS as a group or even to some individual goals.
HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus, which was first detected in 1959. Back then, AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome), the immunological disease resulting from HIV contamination, was not yet known. In the decade of 1970 the virus spreaded around the globe, it was the beginning of the epidemic that would come in the following years. Thereafter, more cases of the disease began to surface, causing over 13 million deaths since the beginning of the epidemic, and the struggle to find a cure or an antidote against the HIV virus resulted in greater research and popularity of the illness.
Currently, more than 26 million people are infected by the HIV virus, the majority of them in sub-Saharan Africa. Great advances have been made in terms of improving life quality of HIV carriers and decreasing viral load. However, the cure for HIV has not yet been found.
Therefore, there are still important steps to be taken in order to reduce HIV caused deaths, especially in the underdeveloped countries. In this matter, BRICS countries may lead the way in third world made researches on HIV treatment, prevention and cure. Intra-BRICS cooperations on health have already proven to be successful with the BRICS tuberculosis research network. Now, it’s time to take what the group has learned from the previous experience and apply it to a much more complex project, a BRICS HIV research network.
João Pedro Brandão is a 19-year-old student of Law at the Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo. He is a participant of MUNs since high school, and thinks that these simulations are a way to understand how the leaders of the world work and how the most plural nations and organizations deal with the various kinds of problems and situations. In USPMUN 2019, João will be the chairman of the National Security Advisors Meeting and hopes that this experience magnifies every participant's notions on the problematic.
Miguel Martins Fiorelli is a 20-year-old student at the Architecture and Urbanism College of the University of São Paulo. Fascinated by the human relations and their influences in the development of space, economics and politics, Miguel found out in the MUN environment an enlightening and rich way of understanding society, belonging to this magic world since he was 15. Alongside with Ramon, Miguel is responsible for the Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors Meeting in the 11th BRICS Summit.
Ramon Barbosa Baptistella is a 20-year-old law student at the University of São Paulo. In 3th year, his likes international law, human rights, and public law. Born in Itatiba, he has started participating in MUNs in high school. Now, living in São Paulo, he continue participating in MUNs. He is part of a study group of BRICS at the University of São Paulo. Alongside with Miguel, Ramon is responsible for the Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors Meeting in the 11th BRICS Summit.
Thiago Miranda Horta is 18 and a first-year law student at the University of São Paulo. Born in São José dos Campos, he has started participating in MUNs in high school. Since then, south-south cooperation, non alignment and third-worldism have been the subjects of his greater interests regarding international relations, therefore, directing a BRICS committee is an honor. Thiago is responsible for the 9th BRICS Health Ministers Meeting.
Julia Farhat Terron is 18 and a first-year student at the University of São Paulo, in the Architecture and Urbanism College. She has been participating in Mocks and MUNs since she was in middle school, and has gathered an interest in the political sciences and international relations. Julia is responsible for the Heads of State’s committee in the 11th BRICS Summit.